Most people have at some point heard of MS or have someone in their vicinity who have got MS. But not everyone knows what MS really is.
MS – Multiple Sclerosis – is an illness that affects the Central Nervous System (CNS) and in short makes it work less optimal. The CNS consists of the brain and the spinal cord, unlike the Periferal Nervous System which branches out into the body from the spinal cord.
attacking itself. It believes that that there is patrological tissue where there in fact is perfectly healthy tissue. Covering most nerves in the body there is a sheet called myelin. It is a fat tissue covering the nerves to protect them and make them work optimally. The myelin sheet looks somewhat differently depending on where in the body it is located. With MS the myelin is attacked by the immune system which subsequently starts to break down the myelin. This in turn makes leads to a reduced conductivity in the nerves. The degradation of the myelin happens in an inflammatory phase, which is most commonly followed by a reparatory phase. This is repeated in cycles (relapses) and is the type of MS known as Primary Progressive MS. Most people affected by MS get diagnosed with the Primary Progressive type (in Sweden about 85%), unlike the Secondary Progressive type which is a mores table detoriation of the nerves and does not attack in relapses. Most people with Primary Progressive change into Secondary Progressive within 10 to 20 years as the illness progresses.
Read more about MS here.
Over time the damage done to the myelin (and nerves) becomes permanent as the body’s ability to repair the myelin is inferior to the degradation and with time the nerv itself starts to take damage and subsequntly dies. This does not happen all at once in the CNS, but appears as spots at seemingly random locations. For this reason the symptoms vary alot from one person to another since these spots, also known as lesions, may end up in completely different location leading to a great variety of symtoms.
These lesions are one of the cirteria for receiving the diagnose of MS. They can usually be seen clearly on an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Together with an anamnesis which suggests neurolocal symptoms and a spinal puncture, neurologists can be sure of the diagnosis.
Since the symptoms vary so much among people with MS the treatment tends to differ. In most cases people are offered inhibitory drugs by their neurologist. Together with paramedical interventions (physiotherapy, occupational therapy, logopedist among others) most people can cease the negative spiral or at least slow it down and today most people with MS live long healthy lives. MS is still a progressive illness which will make symptoms worse or add new ones and most people are in agreement that MS is not a cureable illness.
The body has an amazing ability to adapt to different situations. With the right help it is possible to relieve symptoms and, among other things, improve function, mobility and strength. Our unique tool Mollii relieves a variety of symptoms that arise as a result of various neurological injuries and diseases such as MS, Cerebral Palsy, spinal cord injury, acquired brain injury and stroke.
Mollii is an electronic suit consisting of a pair of pants, a jacket and a detachable control unit that is used one hour every other day. The positive effects of stimulating the muscles with low frequency electric currents gives you greater control over your body and contribute to higher quality of life.